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新东方薛倩:9月6日雅思口语回忆及解析‘澳门十大娱乐网站平台’

作者:澳门十大娱乐网站平台 时间:2022-05-01 06:47
本文摘要:上海新东方9月6日雅思考试回想及解析 读者部分 薛倩,上海新东方教师,毕业于西安外国语大学英语语言文学专业,专业八级,三级笔译,托福雅思考试高分获得者(其中读者部分完全评分),翻译成经验丰富。曾任美国ELS中心助教,太傻留学网全职翻译成,美国求学资深顾问,爱人教育,长年专门从事国内和国外考试培训,课堂教学因材施教,平易近人热情,细致了解,缜密而朴实诙谐,课堂全线贯通东西方文化,侧重考试和实用英语双管齐下,颇受学生青睐。

澳门十大娱乐网站平台

上海新东方9月6日雅思考试回想及解析  读者部分  薛倩,上海新东方教师,毕业于西安外国语大学英语语言文学专业,专业八级,三级笔译,托福雅思考试高分获得者(其中读者部分完全评分),翻译成经验丰富。曾任美国ELS中心助教,太傻留学网全职翻译成,美国求学资深顾问,爱人教育,长年专门从事国内和国外考试培训,课堂教学因材施教,平易近人热情,细致了解,缜密而朴实诙谐,课堂全线贯通东西方文化,侧重考试和实用英语双管齐下,颇受学生青睐。  P1:WilliamGilbertandMagnetism吉尔伯特和磁场。

  网友获取的原文和题目,如下:  READINGPASSAGE1  Youshouldspendabout20minutesonQuestions1–13whicharebasedonReadingPassage1below.  WilliamGilbertandMagnetism  TheaccreditedfatherofthescienceofelectricityandmagnetismwastheEnglishscientist,WilliamGilbert,whowasaphysicianandmanoflearningatthecourtofElizabeth.Priortohim,allthatwasknownofelectricityandmagnetismwaswhattheancientsknew,thatthelodestonepossessedmagneticpropertiesandthatamberandjet,whenrubbed,wouldattractbitsofpaperorothersubstancesofsmallspecificgravity.WilliamGilbert'sgreattreatiseDemagnete,magneticisiquecorporibus"or"OntheMagnet",printedinLatinin1600,containingthefruitsofhisresearchesandexperimentsformanyyears,indeedprovidedthebasisforanewscience.  WilliamGilbertwasborninColchester,Suffolk,onMay24,1544.HestudiedmedicineatSt.John'sCollege,Cambridge,graduatingin1573.HewasprominentintheCollegeofPhysiciansandbecameitspresidentin1599.ThefollowingyearhewasappointedphysiciantoQueenElizabethI,andafewmonthsbeforehisdeathonDec.10,1603,physiciantoJamesI.  TheancientGreeksknewaboutlodestones,strangemineralswiththepowertoattractiron.SomewerefoundnearthecityofMagnesiainAsiaMinor(nowTurkey),andthatcitylentitsnametoallthingsmagnetic.TheearlyChinesealsoknewaboutlodestonesandaboutironmagnetizedbythem.Aroundtheyear1000theydiscoveredthatwhenalodestoneoranironmagnetwasplacedonafloatinabowlofwater,italwayspointedsouth.Fromthisdevelopedthemagneticcompass,whichquicklyspreadtotheArabsandfromthemtoEurope.  Britainwasamajorseafaringnationin1588whentheSpanishArmadawasdefeated,openingthewaytoBritishsettlementofAmerica.Britishshipsdependedonthemagneticcompass,yetnooneunderstoodwhyitworked.Didthepolestarattractit,asColumbusoncespeculated;orwasthereamagneticmountainatthepole,asdescribedinOdyssey,whichshipsshouldneverapproach,becausethesailorsthoughtitspullwouldyankoutalltheirironnailsandfittings?Didthesmellofgarlicinterferewiththeactionofthecompass,whichiswhyhelmsmenwereforbiddentoeatitnearaship'scompass?Fornearly20yearsWilliamGilbertconductedingeniousexperimentstounderstandmagnetism.  "WilliamGilbertwasfascinatedbymagnets,”asDr.DavidP.SternofNASAnotes.Giventwomagnets,Gilbertknewthatmagneticpolescanattractorrepel,dependingonpolarity.Inaddition,however,ordinaryironisalwaysattractedtoamagnet.Gilbertguessed,correctly,thatnearapermanentmagnetironbecameatemporarymagnet,ofapolaritysuitableforattraction.Thatis,theendofanironbarstucktoanSpoleofamagnet(south-seekingpole)temporarilybecomesanN-pole.Becausemagneticpolesalwayscomeinmatchedpairs,theotherendofthebartemporarilybecomesanS-pole,andcaninitsturnattractmoreiron.Gilbertconfirmedhisguessoftemporary("induced")magnetismbyanoriginalexperiment.Usingstrings,hehungtwoparallelironbarsabovethepoleofaterrella,amodelearthhedesignedforthisexperiment,andnotedthattheyrepelledeachother.Undertheinfluenceoftheterrella,eachbecameatemporarymagnetwiththesamepolarities,andthetemporarypolesofeachbarrepelledthoseoftheotherone.  In1600GilbertpublishedDemagneteinLatin.VeryquicklyitbecamethestandardworkthroughoutEuropeonelectricalandmagneticphenomena.Inthisworkhedescribesmanyofhisexperimentswithhismodelearthterrella.Fromhisexperiments,heconcludedthattheEarthwasitselfmagneticandthatthiswasthereasoncompassespointednorth.Inhisbook,healsostudiedstaticelectricityusingamber.Gilbertstronglyarguedthatelectricityandmagnetismwasnotthesamething.Forevidence,he(incorrectly)pointedoutthatelectricalattractiondisappearedwithheat,magneticattractiondidnot.Bykeepingclarity,Gilbert'sstrongdistinctionadvancedsciencefornearly250years.IttookJamesClerkMaxwelltoshowelectromagnetismis,infact,twosidesofthesamecoin.  DeMagneteisnotonlyacomprehensivereviewofwhatwasknownaboutthenatureofmagnetism,Gilbertaddedmuchknowledgethroughhisownexperiments.HelikenedthepolarityofthemagnettothepolarityoftheEarthandbuiltanentiremagneticphilosophyonthisanalogy.InGilbert'sanimisticexplanation,magnetismwasthesouloftheEarthandaperfectlysphericallodestone,whenalignedwiththeEarth'spoles,wouldspinonitsaxis,justastheEarthspinsonitsaxisin24hours.HespeculatedthatthemoonmightalsobeamagnetcausedtoorbitbyitsmagneticattractiontotheEarth.Thiswasperhapsthefirstproposalthataforcemightcauseaheavenlyorbit.  Gilbertdidnot,however,expressanopinionastowhetherthisrotatingEarthwasatthecenteroftheuniverseorinorbitaroundtheSun.IntraditionalcosmologytheEarthwasfixedanditwasthesphereofthefixedstars,carryingtheotherheavenswithit,whichrotatedin24hours.SincetheCopernicancosmologyneededanewphysicstoundergirdit,CopernicanssuchasJohannesKeplerandGalileowereveryinterestedinGilbert'smagneticresearches.Galileo'seffortstomakeatrulypowerfularmedlodestoneforhispatronsprobablydatefromhisreadingofGilbert'sbook.  ThefirstmajorscientificworkproducedinEngland,Gilbert’sDemagnetereflectedanewattitudetowardscientificinvestigation.Untilthen,scientificexperimentswerenotinfashion:instead,booksreliedonquotesofancientauthoritiesandthatiswherethemythaboutgarlicinterferingwiththecompassstarted.Unlikemostmedievalthinkers,Gilbertwaswillingtorelyonsenseexperienceandhisownobservationsandexperimentsratherthantheauthoritativeopinionordeductivephilosophyofothers.Inthetreatisehenotonlycollectedandreviewedcriticallyolderknowledgeonthebehaviorofthemagnetandelectrifiedbodiesbutdescribedhisownresearches,whichhehadbeenconductingfor17years.Itwasbecauseofthisscientificattitude,togetherwithhiscontributiontoourknowledgeofmagnetism,thataunitofmagnetomotiveforce,alsoknownasmagneticpotential,wasnamedtheGilbertinhishonor.  Questions1-8  DothefollowingstatementsagreewiththeinformationgiveninReadingPassage1?Inboxes1–8onyouranswersheetwrite.  TRUEifthestatementistrue  FALSEifthestatementisfalse  NOTGIVENiftheinformationisnotgiveninthepassage  1.ItwasGilbertwhofirstdiscoveredsomesubstanceswithmagneticproperties.  2.Arabsinventedthemagneticcompassinwhichanironmagnetalwayspointedsouth.  3.GilbertexplainedthephenomenonofthemagneticcompassinhisbookDemagnete.  4.Gilbert’smistakennotionaboutthedistinctionbetweenelectricityandmagnetismheldbackthedevelopmentofscience.  5.GilbertspeculatedthatthemoonorbitedtheEarthbymagneticforce.  6.CopernicanssuchasGalileofavoredtraditionalcosmologywhichheldthattheearthwasthecenteroftheuniverse.  7.Gilbert'smagnetictheoriescontradictedthetraditionalcosmology.  8.Asascientist,Gilbertsethimselfapartbyfavoringanintuitiveapproachandexperimentsratherthanthedeductivereason.  Questions9-13  ChoosetheappropriatelettersA–Dandwritetheminboxes9-13onyouranswersheet.  9.InOdyssey,whycouldnotshipsapproachthemountainatthepole?  A.Peoplebelievedthattheywouldgetlostifgarlichamperedtheactionofthecompass.  B.Peoplebelievedthatthepolestarwoulddistractshipsaway.  C.Peoplebelievedthatthemagnetismwouldwrecktheship.  D.Peoplebelievedthatthemagneticmountainwouldmakethecompassoutofwork.  10.Bycontactingtwometalbars,onemagnetized,theotherneutral,hewasabletopassonachargetotheneutralbar.Hecalledthis___________  A.inducedmagnetism.  B.permanentmagnetism.  C.terrellamagnetism.  D.polarmagnetism.  11.InDemagnete,Gilbert___________discussedelectricity,magnetismandheat.  A.emphatically  B.scientifically  C.wrongly  D.passionately  12.JamesClerkMaxwelldemonstratedthat____________  A.electricityandmagnetismwasthesamething.  B.electricalandmagneticattractiondisappearedwithheat.  C.therewassomerelationshipbetweenelectricityandmagnetism.  D.electromagnetismhastwooppositesides.  13.Gilbert’sDemagnete,acollectionofhistheoriesandexperimentsandreflectionsonothers’workiscommonlyknownas_____________  A.anessay.  B.atreatise.  C.avolume.  D.acontribution.  P2:儿童的发展教育受到多种因素的影响。;a5e0~/k,a)X  P3:给technicalworker获取artbased培训  引荐课程:上海新东方雅思培训编辑引荐》》[预测]李晓刚:9月15日雅思口语预测[回想]9月6日雅思考试回想(网友版)[经验]雅思8.。


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